Phrasal verbs aren’t random. However, often English course books present them in a completely random way which makes them very difficult to learn.
Don’t try to learn “Phrasal verbs with take” or “Phrasal verbs with get” or “Phrasal verbs with go”. I used to teach them like this. It’s not the best way.
To understand phrasal verbs you have to understand the little words – we call them particles. The most frequently used are up/down, in/out, on/off and back/away.
We take a car and pick it UP and put it DOWN.
We put the box ON the shelf and take it OFF the shelf.
We put the cups IN the cupboard and take them OUT of the cupboard.
The dog runs AWAY and then comes BACK.
These directional meanings are in GROUP 1.
Each particle also has some special meanings. You can find these in GROUP 2.
Sometimes we use the directional meanings in a metaphorical way. These are in GROUP 3.
Some phrasal verbs really are random. These are in GROUP 4.
There are some other particles that we use less often, including after, through, over, across, around, past, together and apart. You can find these in GROUP 5.
You are given the particle and you have to choose the correct verb.
You are given the verb and you have to choose the correct particle.
PS – If you are willing to copy the sets on Quizlet and add translations into your language, please let me know and I’ll add links here. It would be really helpful!
Print it as a black and white booklet for your class.